Johannesburg, 9 December 2016 — Global Credit Ratings has today affirmed the national scale claims paying ability rating assigned to The Jubilee Insurance Company of Tanzania Limited of A+(TZ), with the rating outlook accorded as Negative. The rating is valid until September 2017.
SUMMARY RATING RATIONALE
Global Credit Ratings (“GCR”) has accorded the above credit rating to The Jubilee Insurance Company of Tanzania Limited (“Jubilee Tanzania”) based on the following key criteria:
The negative outlook reflects the potential for negative rating action over the rating horizon, should the insurer continue to reflect a very high volume of aged premium debtors, which impacts negatively on risk adjusted capitalisation. The insurer reflected a large and increasing aged debtors balance of TZS8.1bn at FYE15 (FYE14: TZS5.1bn), exclusive of which, the adjusted international solvency margin reduces to a low 28% (FYE14: 37%). Similarly, after accounting for the high outstanding premiums, risk adjusted capital is equally constrained.
A positive consideration is the year to date aged debtor schedule, which implies a potential improvement in premium collections which, if sustained, may serve to alleviate capital risk. Furthermore, the potential for premium collection cycles to improve through regulatory mechanisms may also provide such an outcome. The development of these items represents a key rating consideration over the rating horizon.
Liquidity has lowered to a moderately strong level, as asset transfers to the insurer’s life business, coupled with cash flow constraints related to premium collection challenges, served to curtail liquidity strength. At FYE15, TZS8.6bn in short term deposits were earmarked for the life business. Factoring this transfer into liquidity metrics, adjusted cash coverage of average monthly claims and net technical provisions reduced to 10 months and 0.8x (FYE14: 16 months and 1.2x). Medium term liquidity metrics may reduce further, in the absence of improved operating cash flow generation (which is largely related to improved premium collections).
Jubilee Tanzania’s rating is supported by its market leading position in the domestic short term insurance arena. The insurer’s gross premium market share amounted to 15% in FY15, with revenue covering the average market premium by a robust 4x. This is underpinned by the insurer’s comparatively large medical offering, coupled with a well-diversified distribution mix and entrenched broker network.
Jubilee Tanzania has sustained a moderately strong earnings profile across the review period, with the average underwriting margin equating to 7%. In this regard, well contained operating costs and sizeable commission recoveries have partially offset a somewhat elevated loss ratio, driving consistently positive underwriting results. The insurer is expected to maintain this trend over the medium term, as it continues to benefit from scale efficiencies, albeit that the loss ratio is expected to remain elevated, above 60% (due to the higher claims experience associated with medical products).
Material reinsurance counterparties evidence a moderately strong aggregate level of counterparty strength, with net deductibles per risk and event on XoL well contained relative to capital (largest exposure: 1% at FYE15).
Downward rating action may result from risk adjusted capital remaining low, particularly due to ongoing collection challenges in the debtors’ book. Negative rating sensitivity also pertains to a marked weakening in liquidity and operating performance. Upward rating action could develop on the back of a material strengthening in risk adjusted solvency metrics. This must be accompanied by strengthened liquidity and working capital management, while maintaining operating performance at current levels.
|NATIONAL SCALE RATINGS HISTORY|
|Initial rating (May 2007)|
|Claims paying ability: A+(TZ)|
|Last rating (October 2015)|
|Claims paying ability: A+(TZ)|
|Sector Head: Insurance Ratings|
APPLICABLE METHODOLOGIES AND RELATED RESEARCH
Criteria for Rating Short Term Insurance Companies, updated July 2016
Jubilee Tanzania rating reports, 2007-2015
RATING LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS
ALL GCR’S CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://GLOBALRATINGS.NET/UNDERSTANDING-RATINGS. IN ADDITION, GCR’S RATING SCALES AND DEFINITIONS ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD AT THE FOLLOWING LINK: HTTP://GLOBALRATINGS.NET/RATINGS-INFO. GCR’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, PUBLICATION TERMS AND CONDITIONS AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE AT HTTP://GLOBALRATINGS.NET.
SALIENT FEATURES OF ACCORDED RATINGS
GCR affirms that a.) no part of the rating was influenced by any other business activities of the credit rating agency; b.) the rating was based solely on the merits of the rated entity, security or financial instrument being rated; and c.) such rating was an independent evaluation of the risks and merits of the rated entity, security or financial instrument.
The Jubilee Insurance Company of Tanzania Limited participated in the rating process via face-to-face management meetings, teleconferences and other written correspondence. Furthermore, the quality of information received was considered adequate and has been independently verified where possible.
The credit rating has been disclosed to The Jubilee Insurance Company of Tanzania Limited with no contestation of the rating.
The information received from The Jubilee Insurance Company of Tanzania Limited and other reliable third parties to accord the credit rating included:
- Audited financial results to 31 December 2015
- Four years of comparative numbers
- Unaudited interim results to 30 September 2016
- Budgeted financial statements for 2016
- Other related documents
The rating above was solicited by, or on behalf of, the rated client, and therefore, GCR has been compensated for the provision of the rating.
GLOSSARY OF TERMS/ACRONYMS USED IN THIS DOCUMENT AS PER GCR’S INSURANCE GLOSSARY
|Accounting||A process of recording, summarising, and allocating all items of income and expense of the company and analysing, verifying and reporting the results.|
|Broker||One who represents an insured in the solicitation, negotiation or procurement of contracts of insurance, and who may render services incidental to those functions. By law the broker may also be an agent of the insurer for certain purposes such as delivery of the policy or collection of the premium.|
|Capital||The sum of money that is invested to generate proceeds.|
|Capitalisation||The provision of capital for a company, or the conversion of income or assets into capital.|
|Cash||Funds that can be readily spent or used to meet current obligations.|
|Cash Flow||The inflow and outflow of cash and cash equivalents. Such flows arise from operating, investing and financing activities.|
|Claim||A request for payment of a loss, which may come under the terms of an insurance contract.|
|Commission||A certain percentage of premiums produced that is received or paid out as compensation by an insurer.|
|Coverage||The scope of the protection provided under a contract of insurance.|
|Credit Rating||An opinion regarding the creditworthiness of an entity, a security or financial instrument, or an issuer of securities or financial instruments, using an established and defined ranking system of rating categories.|
|Debt||An obligation to repay a sum of money. More specifically, it is funds passed from a creditor to a debtor in exchange for interest and a commitment to repay the principal in full on a specified date or over a specified period.|
|Deductible||The portion of an insured loss to be borne by the insured before he is entitled to recovery from the insurer.|
|Experience||A term used to describe the relationship, usually expressed as a percent or ratio, of premiums to claims for a plan, coverage, or benefits for a stated time period.|
|Exposure||Exposure is the amount of risk the holder of an asset or security is faced with as a consequence of holding the security or asset. For an insurer, its exposure may also relate to the risk related to policies issued.|
|International Scale Rating LC||International local currency (International LC) ratings measure the likelihood of repayment in the currency of the jurisdiction in which the issuer is domiciled. Therefore, the rating does not take into account the possibility that it will not be able to convert local currency into foreign currency or make transfers between sovereign jurisdictions.|
|International Solvency Margin||Measures the ability to cover current year’s written premiums using shareholder’s funds.|
|Liquidity||The speed at which assets can be converted to cash. The ability of an insurer to convert its assets into cash to pay claims if necessary. Market liquidity refers to the ease with which a security can be bought or sold quickly and in large volumes without substantially affecting the market price.|
|Loss||The happening of the event for which insurance pays.|
|Outstanding Premiums||Premiums due but not yet collected. Also referred to as premium debtors or premium receivables.|
|Premium||The price of insurance protection for a specified risk for a specified period of time.|
|Rating Horizon||The rating outlook period|
|Rating Outlook||A rating outlook indicates the potential direction of a rated entity’s rating over the medium term, typically one to two years. An outlook may be defined as: ‘Stable’ (nothing to suggest that the rating will change), ‘Positive’ (the rating symbol may be raised), ‘Negative’ (the rating symbol may be lowered) or ‘Evolving’ (the rating symbol may be raised or lowered).|
|Reinsurance||The practice whereby one party, called the Reinsurer, in consideration of a premium paid to him agrees to indemnify another party, called the Reinsured, for part or all of the liability assumed by the latter party under a policy or policies of insurance, which it has issued. The reinsured may be referred to as the Original or Primary Insurer, or Direct Writing Company, or the Ceding Company.|
|Risk||The chance of future uncertainty (i.e. deviation from expected earnings or an expected outcome) that will have an impact on objectives.|
|Short Term||Current; ordinarily less than one year.|
|Solvency||With regard to insurers, having sufficient assets (capital, surplus, reserves) and being able to satisfy financial requirements (investments, annual reports, examinations) to be eligible to transact insurance business and meet liabilities.|
|Underwriting||The process of selecting risks and classifying them according to their degrees of insurability so that the appropriate rates may be assigned. The process also includes rejection of those risks that do not qualify.|
|Underwriting Margin||Measures efficiency of underwriting and expense management processes.|
|Underwriting Result||The profit or loss that an insurer derives from providing insurance or reinsurance coverage, exclusive of investment income and other income.|
|Working Capital||Working capital usually refers to the resources that a company uses to finance day-to-day operations. Changes in working capital are assessed to explain movements in debt and cash balances.|
For a detailed glossary of terms, please click here
GCR affirms The Jubilee Insurance Company of Tanzania Limited’s rating of A+(TZ); Outlook Negative.