Johannesburg, 28 April 2017 — Global Credit Ratings has affirmed the national scale fund rating* accorded to STANLIB Extra Income Fund of AA-(ZA)(f); with the outlook accorded as Stable.
SUMMARY RATING RATIONALE
Global Credit Ratings (“GCR”) has affirmed the above fund rating accorded to STANLIB Extra Income Fund (“STANLIB EIF”, “the fund”), key features of which are summarised below.
|Fund currency||South African Rand|
|Fund data review date||28 February 2017|
|Assets under management (“AUM”)||R6.8bn|
|Net asset value (“NAV”)||Market value (variable NAV)|
|Fund benchmark||STeFI Composite Index|
In determining a fund rating, GCR qualitatively assesses the fund’s management, and performs an evaluation of the fund portfolio’s historical performance in terms of price/return volatility, underlying asset quality, and market and liquidity risks. This fund rating was based on the following key criteria:
Fund profile: The fixed income mandate of STANLIB EIF aims to deliver a reasonable level of current income and stability for capital invested. The mandate priorities capital preservation, low risk and high liquidity and is executed in favour of the fund’s retail, corporate and institutional investors. STANLIB EIF complies with regulatory limits, investment policy, and the trust deeds, and features 1 day liquidity and a 2 year weighted average modified duration limit.
Asset manager profile: STANLIB Limited (“STANLIB”, “the manager”)† performs fund and investment management in house, outsourcing selected investment administration activities. Based on the manager’s track record, it possesses the competence, capability and capacity to manage the fund. High quality management practices, compliance and risk monitoring, and operational and systems environments aim to meet performance objectives within mandate constraints. Furthermore, the fund’s marketing, risk management, compliance and administration follow market best practice.
Investment performance: The fund’s return has exceeded benchmark since inception. Volatility over 3- and 5-year time horizons is assessed as low. AUM variability in the past 3 years was partly driven by the removal of African Bank Limited (“ABL”) assets from the portfolio to a ‘retention fund’ together with related investor outflows at the time of it being placed in curatorship (2014), followed by a recovery driven by the fund’s attractive risk-adjusted performance. The fund has adequate strategies in place to simultaneously meet investment objectives and manage liquidity. Strategies include investor concentration limits, 1 day liquidity, and maintaining at least 15% of the portfolio in liquid assets (with minimum required long-term ratings of ‘A(ZA)’, or equivalent).
Portfolio quality and market risk: GCR’s portfolio analysis considered credit/ concentration risk, tenor/duration (and limits), NAV volatility (low), and additional sources of market risk, in addition to STANLIB EIF’s stress-tested weighted average credit rating (“WACR”) of AA(ZA), in determining the fund rating. The funds relatively flexible mandate together with the inclusion of long dated assets in the portfolio have yielded a moderate market risk assessment.
Key fund risks: Counterparty/investor concentrations, and tenor-based exposure are STANLIB EIF’s key risks. The portfolio modified duration is well inside the 2 year limit, typically 40-50 days. Credit concentration is a systemic issue in South Africa, affecting most or all variable rate, money-market type fixed income funds (due to the high proportion of investments in financial institutions). The fund manages this by adding selected instruments of corporates, state owned entities (“SOEs”) and securitisations to the portfolio, within Regulation 28 limits, while maintaining high credit quality.
An increase in the WACR of the portfolio, accompanied by a sustained reduction in tenor and stability or improvement in concentration risks, could enhance the rating. Mandate breaches, and/or significant deterioration in credit, liquidity and concentration metrics, could negatively affect the rating.
* Fund ratings provide an opinion regarding the fund’s ability to preserve principal value under varying market conditions; with reference to the relevant asset management environment (refer to published rating scales and definitions).
† Through STANLIB Asset Management Limited and STANLIB Collective Investments Limited.
|NATIONAL SCALE RATINGS HISTORY|
|Initial/last rating (April 2016)|
|Fund rating: AA-(ZA)(f)|
|Rating outlook: Stable|
|Primary Analyst||Committee Chairperson|
|Jennifer Mwerenga||Omega Collocott|
|Senior Credit Analyst||Sector Head: Financial Institution Ratings|
|(011) 784-1771||(011) 784-1771|
APPLICABLE METHODOLOGIES AND RELATED RESEARCH
Global Master Criteria for Rating Funds and Asset Managers, updated March 2017
STANLIB EIF Rating Report (2016)
RATING LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS
ALL GCR’S CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: HTTP://GLOBALRATINGS.NET/UNDERSTANDING-RATINGS. IN ADDITION, GCR’S RATING SCALES AND DEFINITIONS ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD AT THE FOLLOWING LINK: HTTP://GLOBALRATINGS.NET/RATINGS-INFO. GCR’S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, PUBLICATION TERMS AND CONDITIONS AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE AT HTTP://GLOBALRATINGS.NET.
SALIENT FEATURES OF ACCORDED RATINGS
GCR affirms that a.) no part of the rating was influenced by any other business activities of the credit rating agency; b.) the rating was based solely on the merits of the rated entity, security or financial instrument being rated; c.) such rating was an independent evaluation of the risks and merits of the rated entity, security or financial instrument; and d.) the validity of the rating is for a maximum of 12 months, or earlier as indicated by the applicable fund rating document.
STANLIB Limited participated in the rating process via face-to-face management meetings, teleconferences and other written correspondence. Furthermore, the quality of information received was considered adequate and has been independently verified where possible.
The fund rating has been disclosed to STANLIB Limited with no contestation of the rating.
The information received from STANLIB Limited and other reliable third parties to accord the fund rating included:
- A breakdown of the fund investment portfolio, including information on the instruments, their terms, conditions and credit quality at 28 February 2017;
- A breakdown of the fund investor portfolio, including fund flows and withdrawal terms at/for the three years ended 28 February 2017;
- Detail on historical fund returns, fee structures, and expense ratios;
- Details regarding the fund management, investment management and administration activities of the fund;
- 31 December 2016 financial statements for Liberty Holdings Limited;
- Corporate governance and enterprise risk framework; and
- Industry comparative data and regulatory framework.
The rating above was solicited by, or on behalf of, STANLIB Limited, and therefore, GCR has been compensated for the provision of the ratings.
GLOSSARY OF TERMS/ACRONYMS USED IN THIS DOCUMENT AS PER GCR’S FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS GLOSSARY
|Asset||A resource with economic value that a company owns or controls with the expectation that it will provide future benefit.|
|Capital||The sum of money that is invested to generate proceeds.|
|Credit Rating||An opinion regarding the creditworthiness of an entity, a security or financial instrument, or an issuer of securities or financial instruments, using an established and defined ranking system of rating categories.|
|Exposure||Exposure is the amount of risk the holder of an asset or security is faced with as a consequence of holding the security or asset. For a company, its exposure may relate to a particular product class or customer grouping. Exposure may also arise from an overreliance on one source of funding.|
|Interest||Scheduled payments made to a creditor in return for the use of borrowed money. The size of the payments will be determined by the interest rate, the amount borrowed or principal and the duration of the loan.|
|Interest Rate||The charge or the return on an asset or debt expressed as a percentage of the price or size of the asset or debt. It is usually expressed on an annual basis.|
|Interest Rate Risk||Interest rate risk in the banking book is the risk that earnings or economic value will decline as a result of changes in interest rates. The sources of interest rate risk in the banking book are repricing/mismatch, basis and yield curve risk.|
|Liquid Assets||Assets, generally of a short term, that can be converted into cash.|
|Liquidity||The speed at which assets can be converted to cash. It can also refer to the ability of a company to service its debt obligations due to the presence of liquid assets such as cash and its equivalents. Market liquidity refers to the ease with which a security can be bought or sold quickly and in large volumes without substantially affecting the market price.|
|Liquidity Risk||The risk that a company may not be able to meet its financial obligations or other operational cash requirements due to an inability to timeously realise cash from its assets. Regarding securities, the risk that a financial instrument cannot be traded at its market price due to the size, structure or efficiency of the market.|
|Long-Term||Not current; ordinarily more than one year.|
|Long-Term Rating||Reflects an issuer’s ability to meet its financial obligations over the following three to five year period, including interest payments and debt redemptions. This encompasses an evaluation of the organisation’s current financial position, as well as how the position may change in the future with regard to meeting longer term financial obligations.|
|Maturity||The length of time between the issue of a bond or other security and the date on which it becomes payable in full.|
|National Scale Rating||Provides a relative measure of creditworthiness for rated entities only within the country concerned. Under this rating scale, a ‘AAA’ long term national scale rating will typically be assigned to the lowest relative risk within that country, which in most cases will be the sovereign state.|
|Net Asset Value||The value of an entity’s assets less its liabilities. It is a reflection of the company’s underlying value and is usually quoted on a per share basis.|
|Portfolio||A collection of investments held by an individual investor or financial institution. They may include stocks, bonds, futures contracts, options, real estate investments or any item that the holder believes will retain its value.|
|Principal||The total amount borrowed or lent, e.g. the face value of a bond, excluding interest.|
|Rating Outlook||Indicates the potential direction of a rated entity’s rating over the medium term, typically one to two years. An outlook may be defined as: ‘Stable’ (nothing to suggest that the rating will change), ‘Positive’ (the rating symbol may be raised), ‘Negative’ (the rating symbol may be lowered) or ‘Evolving’ (the rating symbol may be raised or lowered).|
|Risk||The chance of future uncertainty (i.e. deviation from expected earnings or an expected outcome) that will have an impact on objectives.|
|Security||An asset deposited or pledged as a guarantee of the fulfilment of an undertaking or the repayment of a loan, to be forfeited in case of default.|
|Short-Term||Current; ordinarily less than one year.|
|Tenor||The time from the value date until the expiry date of a financial instrument.|
For a detailed glossary of terms please click here
GCR affirms STANLIB Extra Income Fund’s rating of AA-(ZA)(f); Outlook Stable.